The Mythical Oranmiyan Staff of the Yoruba Culture

A quick highlight of Yoruba tradition will give you a drive to visit the amazing country called Nigeria. A place filled with interesting stories about their history which even the youngest child can tell because they have been told stories of the past by their fathers. The staff of Oranmiyan is something you will want …
The post The Mythical Oranmiyan Staff of the Yoruba Culture appeared first on Guide to Nigeria tourism, local culture & investments.

The Beauty and Magic of Olumo Rock, One of Nigeria’s Foremost Tourist Attraction

When you mention tourism especially to a wonderful country like Nigeria, one of the top 5 to 10 places that comes to an average citizen’s mind is the Olumo Rock. It has for years been one of the most recognized sites in Nigeria. As a foreigner you might probably have heard of this place, as …
The post The Beauty and Magic of Olumo Rock, One of Nigeria’s Foremost Tourist Attraction appeared first on Guide to Nigeria tourism, local culture & investments.

How I easily made ₦400,000 on my travel blog in a month

If you are reading this, it means my travel blogging master class is now live and enrollment would be closing in the next 6 days.In this article I will be covering the following:My travel blogging story and journeyI how made my first ₦400,000 in a month on my travel blog aloneCommon mistakes travel bloggers in Africa makeStep by step guide on how to grow your blog traffic My Travel Blogging StoryTell me if you were told to be one thing, what would it be? If you do not have the answer, take some time to think, if you do, I would like to hear it.Well, I chose to be a tourism development advocate. This stems from my love  and passion for Nigeria and development as a whole.If you are ready for a story, now is the time to seat comfortably on your chair/table/bed, wherever it is you are reading this from. You better not be reading this on the road, if you are, please pause and continue later. Please.

Now let’s start:I left my 9-5 job in 2017, however, I had already started blogging. I was invited to a conference on tourism in Nigeria, I gladly went since I had nothing else to do at the time. I mean I just stopped working at my 9-5 and this was a weekday (by the way, quitting your 9-5 is not advisable for everyone, in fact it is over hyped). So this got me really excited (the conference), because I generally love conferences and any avenue to learn.I got in, greeted a few familiar faces and lets just say the conference transformed my mindset as to the way I see tourism. Nigeria is blessed with rich ecotourism (50+ waterfalls, mountains, beautiful natural landscapes) a myriad of cultures and delightful cuisines not seen anywhere else in the world. I say Tourism has the potential of generating 70% of Nigeria’s total revenue, thereby making tourism the new oil if well tapped. Feel free to reach out to me if you want more statistics to find out why I say this.In no fashion, I took it upon myself to spread the word about tourism in Nigeria and other African destinations hence my focus on travel blogging. Now let me give you some perspective. I love providing solutions. In fact people call me two things – problem solver and doer because that is what I am. If you are following the sequence, now is time to tie the knot- I earlier said I am passionate about Nigeria and development, now include the love of problem solving into the equation, this gives you = THEFISAYO. So it was only normal for me to seek to provide solutions in the tourism industry when I identified some gaps.

Fast forward to 3 years after I started, I have be featured on the following media:Channels TVPop Central Television ( Channel 189 DSTV)PUNCH Newspaper (2019): Look for problems to solveTelevision Continental (2019)-Business Nigeria: Effects of Social Media on TourismSilverbird Television (2018): Breakfast ShowTelevision Continental (2018): Business Tonight Netng (2018): YouTubers in NigeriaAnd more.

I have been nominated and won the following awards:Awards Won:Nigeria Tourism Awards: BEST TRAVEL BLOG 2019Top 100 Tourism 100 Tourism personalities in Nigeria: ATQ NewsAward Nominations:Pyne Awards:TOURISM BLOG OF THE YEAR 2018Nigerian Teen Choice Award:Choice Blogger Award 2017Pyne Awards: BEST TOURISM INNOVATION USING TECHNOLOGY 2019Nigeria Travel Week Awards: BEST TRAVEL BLOG 2019The Balearica Awards: YOUNG TOURISM PERSONALITY 2019And there has been other accolades that came because of the impact I have made and I am still making in the tourism industry. I have spoken on stages with the best minds in tourism, an example is the present UNWTO Senior Expert on Communications in Africa – Kojo Bentum Williams. That was a big win for me, and I celebrate that win till this day thanks to mentors like Professor Wolfgang.Talking of mentors, if I told you it was easy achieving all that I have, I would be lying. The beginning was really difficult, because this is not just as cause for me, it is also a business, it is what I do for a living. I would also be lying to you if I told you that I still do not go through challenges here and there. However, I have found growth in my support system – my mentors, friends and family. One of my goals for 2020 is to add value to other people’s lives based on the knowledge I have gathered as a travel blogger, vlogger and an overall content creator over three years.And that is why I will be sharing with you a few strategies for free that has helped my blog grow.

How I made my first ₦400,000 on my blog alone:I had a service  I was deliveringI put it up on my site without any further marketingPeople booked.Haha! Only if it was that easy.Really, step 1 and step 2 are both very correct, but I would not have achieved step 3 without an important tool. SEO.Yes, what helped me was that I fully optimized my site for search engines.Optimizing your site for search engine will help you get discovered by people who do not know you.All they need to to is search for what they want on google, and if your site comes out with the solution they need, then you will be sure to get a customer.How to optimize your site for SEO?There are four main functions to look at, most of which is covered in my travel blogging course.However, I will be covering one now.This is Keyword.This might either sound mundane or easy to you, but if you do not know what it is and how to strategically use it then your blog will not grow.Google is responsible for 92.04% of total organic traffic95% of searchers never go past the first page of Google’s search results pageUsing keywords is your gateway to landing on the first page of SERP (search engine result pages).It is also the gateway to getting TRAFFIC to your site.This is what has helped my blog traffic grow.Below are screenshots of the traffic on my site:

I use several analytic tools to monitor my blog traffic. The above analytic is represented by Jetpack.

Above is a tool called google search console. It is a Google tool that shows you how many people clicked on your blog from google.It also shows you how your posts are performing on google in terms of rankings, clicks and more.It is a really great tool to have.More on this is covered in my travel blogging course.

Common mistakes travel bloggers in Africa makeKnowing that using the right Keywords on your site is a great way to improve your google search rankings, most travel bloggers do not practice it.Why do I say this?I analysed the sites of best travel bloggers in Africa and other continents.One thing I noticed that really got me amazed was that most of these sites had really low monthly visitors from google.My guess is that their traffic comes from social media alone. Because most of these bloggers have a huge following on social media.But they are all missing a great and easy opportunity.And that is Google.If you do your SEO right, Google will do all the work of bringing all the right traffic to your site.Below are some of the results of the top travel blogs I analysed and you can tell this is not a good look. 

The organic monthly traffic is an average number.Some of these sites might get more traffic than recorded here. But the tool shows that this is what they get on an average.I know this because my site traffic was not fully covered on the tool. Below is the result of my site after I analysed it.

At that, 0 – 71 organic monthly traffic is not great look.This is why I will be sharing with you a few strategies/steps to follow to increase your monthly traffic.How to find the best keywordsRemember, there are 4 major components for a great SEO.One of which is keywords.The following are steps you should take to begin developing a great keyword strategy;Open an excel sheetWrite at least 5 different titles on 5 columns. These titles should be keywords you want to rank for. E.g travel bloggers in NigeriaGo to Ubersuggest and input the first keyword . Click the “Search” Button.Click Keyword Ideas in the Left Sidebar.Review the Keyword Ideas (low competition: relatively low SEO difficulty score of 34, which shows good promise for ranking on page one.)Choose KeywordsPopulate each column with the keywords you have chosen for your brandClick here to see how this is done and to see the other steps to take.This should get you started. However, note that it can take 3 – 6 months for your site to start gaining traction from google.Meanwhile, there are other strategies you can take to make things faster. More of this is covered in my travel blogging course.

If you are looking to do one of the following:Learn how to start a successful travel blogLearn how to design your travel blogLearn to build a profitable travel blogging businessLearn how to build your travel blog audienceLearn how to rank high on google AND GET MORE TRAFFICThis and more.Then I am happy to tell you that I will love to share with you all the strategies that have worked for me in my travel blogging masterclass.JOIN THE TRAVEL BLOGGING COURSERemember, enrollment closes in the next 6 days.

0 – 71 organic blog monthly traffic is not great look. Learn how to grow your blog traffic to 10k + monthly. And make money from it.
TheFisayo

Tweet

The post How I easily made ₦400,000 on my travel blog in a month appeared first on TheFisayo.

This is what you are missed from the UNWTO regional congress

Has COVID 19 made a positive or negative impact on women in tourism? Keep reading to find out more. On the 24th of November 2019, I travelled to Ghana to attend the first UNWTO Regional Congress on Women Empowerment that celebrates women’s contribution to tourism growth in Africa. It was my first time in Ghana and the famous Ghanaian sun I heard about did not fail to disappoint. Prior to my visit I had always wanted to travel to Ghana for leisure, but I guess I am more of a MICE (Meetings, incentives, conferences and exhibitions) traveler than a leisure traveler. Or let’s just say I could not pass by such an opportunity when I heard the conference was going to be hosted in West Africa.For two days, some of the brightest minds in African and global tourism converged at the Accra International Conference Centre to discuss and answer tough questions that women in tourism and business generally are confronted with on the continent.

TheFisayo and the UNWTO General Secretary Zurab Pololikashvili

Also present were high-powered delegation from the UNWTO led by its General Secretary Zurab Pololikashvili, Ghana’s Vice President Mahamudu Bawumia, Minister For Tourism Arts and Culture of Ghana Barbara Oteng Gyasi.

During the congress, interesting statistics were shared on women’s involvement in tourism, here are a few:54% of people employed in tourism are women39% of people employed in the broader economy are womenWomen in tourism earn 14.7% less than menWomen in boarder economy earn 16.8% less than men23% of tourism ministers are women7% of government ministers are women

To download the full UNWTO global report on women in tourism, right click here to open a new tab. 

Pololikashvili stated that the “UNWTO is firmly committed to breaking down the barriers women face in the tourism sector so that tourism may stay at the forefront of gender equality efforts here in Africa and across the world. Delivering the keynote address Regional Director ai, UN Women Central and West Africa, Oulimata Sarr made a strong appeal for equal opportunities for women across the broad spectrum of things that are needed to help ladies succeed.She mentioned -“there is nothing micro about financing women’s tourism businesses. We need credit lines, venture capital and a totally new perspective to expand women’s access to finance across the sector.”

The Vice President of the Republic of Ghana Dr. Mahamudu Bawumia, revealed measures by the Ghana Government to streamline tourism related activities for both local and international tourists.These measures include: The launch of the E-visa regime in the year 2020, the introduction of a Universal QR code to enabling the Ghanaian economy to become more cashless; The passage of the Creative Arts Bill (pending parliamentary approval) which will make provision for the establishment of the Creative Arts Fund to give financial support the Creative Arts, Tourism and Culture Sector in Ghana.Bawumia stated “to advance tourism’s contribution to the SDGs (Sustainable Development Goals) and achieving our common goal of gender equality, mainstreaming gender considerations across the tourism sector is extremely important”.

Day 1Asides the numerous conferences and panels I listened to at the 2 day congress, I also attended some master classes on Innovation in Tourism hosted by UNWTO in partnership with IE University . In addition, UNWTO launched the first Tourism Online Academy in collaboration with IE University. This is an online learning platform that provides self-paced, 100% online courses that is mainly focused on the tourism sector. It includes some free and paid courses which is available to anyone that applies. Some of the programs include managerial skills in digital marketing, finance, strategy, operations, innovation and digital transformation. 

Right click here to open a new tab and gain access to the Tourism Online Academy.

Day 2The next day, I attended panel sessions on “Financing Women Empowerment through Tourism” and “Education and Technology as Tool for Women’s Socio-Economic Advancement in Tourism”.  After this we had some networking session at the gala dinner.  See more on Instagram.

View this post on Instagram Coming to Ghana has been more than worth it. My reason for coming was to attend the #UNWTO regional congress on women empowerment in tourism sector and network also!! 🥳 I was honored to meet and connect with: 1. The World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) Secretary General @zurabpololikashvili 2. The First Lady of SPAIN María Begoña Gómez Fernández 3. Zhu Shanzhong the Executive Director of the @unwto 4. Natalia Bayona 5. Elcia Grandcourt – the @unwto regional director for Africa 6. Dr. Nanayaa Owusu-Prempeh (Rev.) 7. Ministers of Tourism from different African countries. 8. Kojo Bentum Williams @kojobentumwilliams, the Senior Expert on Communications for UNWTO for Africa 🌍 These are the tourism shapers that I could have only dreamt of seeing, now I’m glad to be connected with them. (@ajalanene @rhoda_yn @akosuashirley @thattokelady and MYSELF just kept picturing ourselves on that stage as a future world leader in tourism). And we know it’s gonna happen because we are putting in the work and God is on our side. Fam, I know it’s not always going to be convenient, but when you can, I advice you go out there, invest in attending networking events, meet people in person and let them know what you do. There are so many opportunities out there, let me know if you want me to add you to an events WhatsApp group where I and a few other people share such events. . 📌 Accra, Ghana 🇬🇭 . A post shared by Tourism Development Advocate🇳🇬 (@thefisayo) on Nov 29, 2019 at 9:14am PST

Elcia Grandcourt – The UNWTO Regional Director in Africa.Now you may ask, why do I decide to share this now? Because it is long overdue, you needed all this information in here and I feel bad for not giving you on time.Report by Statista –  shows that the travel and tourism industry is worth $2.9Trillion globally as at 2019. It is clear from the previous UWNTO statistics that women helped shape the tourism industry yet there is still a disparity in women’s pay grade and positions. As a tourism development advocate, I am bringing forward this information to you if you are not already aware, and I am beckoning on you to change things if you are in a position to do so.  A financially independent mother or woman produces a happy family, this is working with the assumption that she now has more time to focus on building her children value system and moral standards because she no longer has to worry about how she would earn more money. A happy family with well mannered children equals to a better world with reduced crime rates and corruption.  A world with reduced crime rates and corruption equals to the attainment of the 16th SDG – Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions, and more.Everything starts with the family, and the mother plays an important role in shaping the outcome of her children. Empower the woman and give her the pay and position she is due. 

The First Lady of SPAIN María Begoña Gómez Fernández.3. Has covid- 19 affected women in tourism? The truth is this, I am going to talk from my own experience as a woman and I will lay more emphasis on the UNWTO global statistics on women. It has been established that the 54% of the tourism players are women Before coronavirus, there we had more women steadily making the decisions to start a travel agency or a tour operating business to design travel experiences for tourists. However, with Covid-19, this is practically impossible, what most women like myself are doing is looking inwards, strategizing ways we can add more value to our audience and clients leveraging technology.If you read my previous article on the impact of corona virus on the tourism industry,  you would already be familiar with the solutions I proffered with reference to how we can leverage technology. If you have not read it, click here to read. Most women like myself have resulted into doing one or more of the following:Teaching online master classes on travel bloggingCreating more videos on YouTube to promote destinations in AfricaUsing Instagram and other online tools to host webinarsLearning new skills on how to strategize ways to make more money.Others are starting new hobbies to use their voices for change e.g starting a blogI spoke with the President of Women in Hospitality in Nigeria; Amaka Amatokwu – Ndekwu about the impact on the industry, and here advice was :Now till be the time for collaborations and partnerships.Travel companies need to develop strategies to to regain customer confidence in travelling and site seeing.Tell me, if you are a woman, what has been the effect of COVID-19 on your business and how are you dealing with it?

The post This is what you are missed from the UNWTO regional congress appeared first on TheFisayo.

Beekeeping In Nigeria; 7 steps to start & make good money (+ Practical training)

Beekeeping is the process of raising bees in order to collect honey or any other products like propolis, beeswax, pollen propolis and royal jelly
Are you seeking another source of income? Are you thinking agribusiness in Nigeria?
If yes, Beekeeping or Bee farming may be the right agribusiness to venture into.
In this post, I will be sharing with you about Beekeeping/farming in Nigeria
Now, I guess you must be wondering:
Why Beekeeping?
Beekeeping or apiculture could be a lucrative venture in Nigeria if done and marketed rightly. Those who started bee farming have attested to its high profitability.
Moreover, besides profit, there are additional benefits you enjoy from engaging in bee keeping.
If you are already a farmer, and you are interested in keeping bees, it’s advisable that you site your apiary (location where bees will be kept) in the midst of fruit trees such as mango, citrus, etc.
Placing bee hives in a fruit farm will boost pollination; thereby, multiplying the harvest, as bees are popularly referred to as agents of pollination.
Asides getting honey from bees, numerous products can be extracted from bees which serves as raw materials used by giant companies to produce major products. Products include bees wax, propolis, etc.
Before starting bee keeping in Nigeria, you have to seek knowledge from experts and attend its training.
You might work as an apprentice in a reputable bee farm or go for a practical training
After gaining knowledge, the next step is to draw up an apiary business plan which would serve as your guide on how to start and make profit from your venture.
How Much Is Needed To Start Bee Farming In Nigeria?
Interestingly, with as low as N100,000 or even as high as N5million Naira, you are good to go.
Bee farming is one of those agricultural ventures that can be started with less or more capital. To help reduce cost, it is recommended that you purchase locally made bee equipment like bee hives for beekeeping.
What Kind Of Land Is Required For Bee Keeping In Nigeria?
Unlike other forms of agriculture, owning a land isn’t a necessary requirement for bee keeping. You can lease a land; or alternatively, partner with fruit farmers who have citrus and mango trees in their farmlands.  In turn, your bees will help pollinate the fruit trees, and of course, increase the products of the farmers, thereby increasing their revenue stream.
What Quantity Of Honey Can Be Gotten From A Bee Hive?
As a farmer, you should expect to get up to 10-15 litres of honey per hive.
Steps To Ensuring A Successful Bee Farming In Nigeria

CREDIT TO: YOUTUBE
1). Get Bee farming Training
2) Get Bee Farming Business Plan:
The first and most important step when starting bee farming in Nigeria is getting trained and creating a business plan.
Just like no general goes to war without knowing the art of war himself; unless of course, he wants to fail, the same applies to beekeeping.
You can call us if you need a beekeeping training or consultancy services
Creating a business plan will help you achieve success where others without a business plan fail.
Moreover, you need to get the required training from beekeeping experts before you venture into the business.
While online guides and YouTube videos might give you a head start, nothing beats a hands-on training you will get at a reputable bee farm.
You will need to learn how to keep bees, where to site them, and how to protect yourself from them.  Therefore, after acquiring the training should you write a business plan.
While writing the plan, you need to know how much capital would be required for the business and then calculate how much profit would be earned from the business, plus, how to generate the required capital.
Additionally, your beekeeping marketing strategies should also be spelt out win your business plan. Without advertising, there’s little or no chance of making profit.
3). Get Capital,
4) Get Equipment & Location
After acquiring knowledge and creating a business plan, the next step is getting the required capital, location and equipment for your beekeeping business.
As mentioned earlier, you can either lease a land, or partner with farmers who have fruit trees in their farm lands.
Your apiary must be in best conditions so can you can have a good return on investment. One major tip for locating your apiary is: never site your apiary in a noisy or crowded place.
And steer clear of swampy areas or places where insecticides are applied. After securing a suitable location, the next step is to choose the types of bees you want to keep and buy the necessary equipment (preferably new ones).
During your training, you will learn about the types of bee species and their yield rates. Bee species include the honey bee, bumble bee, mason bee, solitary bee, etc.
Equipment you need to start your bee farm in Nigeria include:
Bee hives, bee suits, smokers, buckets, jungle boots, wheelbarrows, basins, honey extractor, packaging machine, weighing scales, rubber plastics of various sizes, nylons for packaging, sealing machine ,and a stand-by generator (optional).
After securing the equipment, set the apiary in a place where the bees can easily find food and water, as this determines the success of your business
5). Know Your Business:
Bee farming is more of a seasonal farming; therefore, it’s very important that it is properly managed.
While farming bees, it’s important that you know the right time to begin a colony so that you don’t get a wrong produce from your bee farm. For example, if you start your colony too early, your bees might not get enough food, while starting too late will make your bees produce less honey because they will certainly miss out on major push of nectar.
Also, good source of water, sugar and sufficient space for feeders are all essential to the growth of a bee farm.  Taking care of bees is a bit complicated; therefore, it is important that you stick strictly to the training you were given.
Do not try out much new things at a time and don’t use your investment as a trial and error. It’s better to become a pro at it by doing thing gradually, before taking much risks. Also ensure that your bees get medication.
6).Beekeeping Marketing in Nigeria
There’s no business in Nigeria, and over the world that makes money without advertising its products or services. Bee keeping is no different. How do you make profit from your capital?  Let people know who you are and what you can offer them.
Moreover, if you produce quality honey, you will have customers and bigwigs like pharmacies and industrial companies lining to purchase honey from you. A pro tip is to be a reliability rock star- let your clients know you can supply honey to them within a short period of time.
Other forms of marketing include:
Word of mouth from satisfied customers
Making souvenirs with your brand printed on items like notebooks, face caps, shirts, pens, hand bands, etc.
Magazine publications
Online marketing via website or blog; social media marketing via Facebook, Pinterest, Instagram, Google Ads, etc
Providing free seminars
Making handbills, etc.
7) Be business minded.
Don’t call it “bee farming”. Call it “bee business”
Answers To Likely Questions For Potential Bee Farmers:
Is There A Market For Bee Keeping In Nigeria?
Yes, beekeeping has a market in Nigeria as long as people eat honey and use other bee by products
Other products derived from bees are wax (used in furniture polish, candles and crayons), pollen (used for food, preparation of medicine, hand pollination and cosmetics), propolis (used for repairing honeycombs), venom (used for preparing medicine), royal jelly (used as food for queen bees), etc.
What Other Fruit Trees Can Surround A Bee Hive?
Apart from mangoes, bees pollinate farm crops such as cashews, pawpaw, coconut, oil palm, sunflowers, sisal, clover and citrus (orange, grape, lemon, lime, and tangerine).
Why Should You Start Bee Farming?
There re many important reasons why beekeeping in Nigeria is the best agribusiness for you. Some of such reasons are:
Honey is a good source of nutrition to human diet. It is a rich source of carbohydrate, minerals, and vitamins.
Honey keeps the human body mentally alert and physically strong.
It is a complement of many traditional and orthodox medicines.
It helps preserve the ecosystem, and increases production of a particular farm crops via pollination.
It increases your revenue generation as you process it on the farm. This in turn, adds more value to the raw products.
How Much Does It Cost To Start Bee Keeping In Nigeria?
If you are just starting, you might want to start with little capital. This might be as a result of your purse or you just want to start little, see how far you can cope with the beekeeping business, before splurging more money into it.
Key costs to consider in the bee business are:
A place to process the honey harvested.
The hives for keeping the honey.
Tables and chairs.
Honey extractor and separator. This equipment is used by large-scale farmers. Small scale farmers can use a sieve.
Minor costs are:
Getting locally made protective clothing.
Smoker- this can also be made locally.
Trays and tools such as hive tools.
How Do I Start My Beekeeping Colony?
There are three ways to start your colony. You can acquire a colony from a hive, obtain a swarm, and get a nucleus.
Of the three methods mentioned above, the easiest to do is by acquiring a colony from a hive. While it might cost you a little, it is easier and quicker. So, how do you get a colony from a hive? Visit beekeepers, reach an agreement with them, then pay for the bees and collect them.
The second method is by starting a nucleus, which means beginning a new colony from scratch. You can do this by obtaining a queen, drone, and workers. You feed the bees with water and sugar cane temporarily. Next, you provide adequate hives covered in beeswax and put them in an environment conducive for bee swarms as bait to make them enter the hives.
However, the cheapest method is by capturing a swarm of bees. Honeybees are untamed and live in colonies; and you can bait them by rubbing beeswax on several hives or boxes scattered in a suitable place the bee swarm would love to form a colony. Look for places with water, flowering or fruit plants, excellent weather, protection from intruders/predators, and absence of noise.
What Is A Hive?
A hive is a box for keeping the bees. The hives can be made from various materials, and their functions are to ensure that the bees build their nests so that they can be managed easily; and also to aid easy movement for the bees. The three categories of hives are:
Fixed comb hives made from clay, wall, log, tree bark, etc.
Movable comb hives which comes in various styles. A popular one is Top-Bar hives.
Movable frames hives such as Langstroth and Dadant, etc.
Hive Tips:
Put the hives beside the source of water and in shades of green leafy trees to avoid hot temperature.
Paint the hives in white colour to reflect sunlight rather than absorb it. This will help keep the hives cool.
In case there are no green leafy trees, erect artificial shades to control the temperature inside the hives.
 Where Do I Site My Bee Hives?
Ensure there are no crops being sprayed with insecticides nearby.
Make sure hives are adequately protected from strong winds.
Protect hives from strong sunlight by placing them under trees or by erecting artificial shades.
Place hives in places far from humans to avoid them being stung by bees.
Make sure there is no water dripping from the tree branches onto the hives beneath
Start with ten colonies and gradually increases the number if the area can sustain more colonies.
How Many Months Before Harvesting Bee?
If you have just started a fresh colony of bees, allow ten to twelve months for the honey to mature before you begin harvest. Subsequently, if the colony is fully established, you can harvest between seven to eight months.
How Do I Harvest Honeycombs And Process It?
Honey is harvested at the end of the flowering season. To harvest, pick the extreme combs that contain ripe honey with an envelope of thin layer of bees wax. While harvesting, ensure that you leave combs containing pollen or developing bees.
However, if you are using the Top Bar Extractor, instead of using an extractor, simply crush and strain the honeycombs to extract the honey by using muslin or other forms of filter, which would help separate the honey from beeswax. If you are using the frame hives, you can obtain honey by spinning the frames in a motorized circular extractor or a hand crank extractor.
After separating the honey from the beeswax, melt the beeswax over water into a block and store until you gather enough to sell. Pro tip: it doesn’t spoil over time.
Always ensure that you return empty combs to the hives so that the bees can produce more honey.
Should Quality Certification Be A Priority?
It would be beneficial if you intend to produce quality honey when starting beekeeping in Nigeria. You should ensure you make quality a top priority if you intend to have a profitable venture. Also make sure that you follow the standards set by Codex Alimantarius. Adhering strictly to quality includes:
Not adulterating honey by feeding them on sugarcane.
Ensuring the bees feed n pure nectar and pollen.
Not adding food additives to honey after harvesting.
Honey shouldn’t have flavours.
Honey shouldn’t ferment or be fermented.
Honey harvested shouldn’t foam.
It should have taint caused by foreign matter during processing and storage.
What Are Bees’ Seasonal Cycles?
Just as other agricultural businesses have their seasonal cycles, so also do bees. In temperate regions, the colony cycle is one for each year, but in tropical and sub-tropical regions, it differs as more than one colony cycle can occur within a yearly cycle. The colony cycle has three parts, which are: the buildup, honey flow, and dearth. Make sure you mange each seasonal cycle properly, as each parts has specific things you need to do to maintain the hives.
Should I Join An Association Of Beekeepers?
Joining Beekeepers Association of Nigeria in your locality will help you gain access to training resources and government loan facilities. Moreover, joining them will improve the chances of the marketability of your product, and enable you to get a good price but there’s no law that compel you to join any association.
Hope this article helps.
Thanks for reading
Culled from Africa Business Classroom

White mischief

Rebecca Phillips reports on leucistic baboons spotted in Ruaha
Recently there was a media stir about the sighting of two rare white reticulated giraffe in Kenya; a mother and baby who share a genetic condition known as leucism, which gives them their unique colouration. Leucism differs from albinism in that it is caused by a reduction in multiple types of pigment, not just melanin, so the eyes retain their normal colour, unlike the characteristic pink/red eyes of albinism.
At Mdonya Old River Camp in Ruaha National Park, southern Tanzania, we have our own special animals that draw a lot of attention, namely our leucistic baboons. A large troop of around 50 yellow baboons reside in the woodland surrounding the camp and they are often seen passing through on their quest to find water, food or just somewhere fun to play.
We believe the troop must have a tendency towards pale genetics as in the past year we have spotted three leucistic baby baboons. The first was spotted in February and two others have been seen regularly over the past couple of months.
On each occasion it has been heartwarming to observe how the rest of the troop interacts with the leucistic baby. They all play together and treat these special baboons with complete indifference to the fact that they look different.
Unfortunately, however, the fact that they stand out from the troop puts these baboons at risk as they are more visible targets for predators, especially during the low light of dawn and dusk, reducing their chances of reaching adulthood. The regular yellowy-brown coats help them blend in to their environment. Sadly, we assume that this was the fate of the first baby that we spotted during the green season in the park. We hope that the strong bond between the troop will protect the remaining two leucistic babies.
Watching baboons play is an entertaining and much under-rated experience. It may not be as impressive as watching powerful lions or leopards stalking, or a herd of elephants pass by, but the baboons will have you laughing out loud at their silly antics and is an experience that should be embraced while on safari.
http://www.adventure-camps-tanzania.com

Big cat lovers

Seeing a big cat in the wild is top of many people’s bucket list on safari. But why? William Gray explains the abiding appeal of observing lion, leopard and cheetah in the wild and what makes them so captivating

Early morning sunlight seeped through the bush, a molten tide that gilded the acacia trees and ignited the feathery grass heads. When it touched the lions, sprawled in a clearing, they responded lazily. A young male stood, stretched and flopped, while the rest of the pride rolled in the grass, pawing and nuzzling one another in a feline tangle of tawny limbs and black-tipped tails. They barely glanced in our direction. We were parked just a few metres away, yet the big cats seemed completely indifferent to our presence.
The adoring human, the nonchalant cat — an encounter that’s been played out on just about every safari I’ve been on over the past 30 years. And yet the prospect of a big cat sighting still gets my spine tingling more than anything else. It’s not that I’m particularly into cats. I’m more of a doggy person. Our pet labrador is part of the family — we’re besotted with her — but I rarely yearn to see a jackal or a bat-eared fox. What, then, makes me, or anyone for that matter, a big cat lover?
I can trace the start of my love affair with Africa’s big cats back to 1986, before I’d ever been on safari. My parents had given me a book, Among Predators and Prey by Dutch photographer and filmmaker Hugo van Lawick. The cover of my now battered, well-thumbed copy bears a remarkable image of a Thomson’s gazelle somersaulting over a wild dog, mid-chase. But the book naturally falls open to another image showing a lioness breaking from cover, charging towards the camera, her gaze locked on the slowest of five gazelle fleeing before her. By today’s technically high standards, it’s nothing special — the focus isn’t even razor sharp — but 30-odd years ago, that photograph not only screamed ‘Africa!’ at me, but also perfectly captured the energy and thrill of the hunt.
Is that why we’re all so obsessed with seeing big cats on safari? A sense of anticipation? That split second when dozing pussy cat switches to keen-eyed killer? Never mind the impending doom of the gazelle or zebra… when the lions’ ears prick alert, shoulder muscles bunch and tails start twitching, we’re all on the edge of our seats, poised for drama, our money on the cats.
“We had an amazing safari — we saw lions make a kill!” Have you noticed how often you hear people judging the success of their safari by whether it featured big cats hunting? I don’t believe it’s the actual process of killing that holds us rapt. We’re not all baying for blood. Several years ago, during a visit to Kenya’s Tsavo East National Park, I witnessed lions hunting a waterbuck next to my tent. There was no pleasure in hearing the death throes of the antelope, the crunching of teeth on sinew and bone, or of seeing the cats, bloody-faced at dawn, pulling long coils of intestines from the corpse of their victim. That’s what big cats do. Rather than a macabre fascination with the act of killing, we simply have a desire to witness these supreme predators in action — just as a motor enthusiast admires the most powerful, beautifully made racing cars at full throttle, but flinches if they crash.
I once spent a memorable few days in the southern Serengeti. Our camp was pitched in a shady grove of acacia trees a short distance from the Ndutu Plains where, from January to March, wildebeest gather in huge numbers to give birth. One afternoon, we found a female cheetah with three almost fully-grown cubs lying up in asparagus scrub on the edge of the plains. Every time a herd of Thomson’s gazelle or wildebeest wandered past, the cats were instantly alert — four spotted heads turning in unison to follow them. We joined the cheetahs’ vigil, watching them and their prey from a respectful few hundred metres. Five hours passed. The cheetah never got quite close enough to launch an attack (and I would still love to see one at full pelt), but it was a privilege just to spend time in their company, watching them interact with one another.

TEN MOST VISITED TOURIST DESTINATIONS IN THE WORLD

Every city and corner in the world is definitely a destination to look forward to, but it has been proven and shown that some cities in the world are definitely visited most often. It could be due to the beauty and organisation of the infrastructures or perhaps the socio-economic values of the indigenes of the cities.
Cities that attract tourists from all over the world are definitely in turn improved and developed immensely ranging from economic growth to the country’s GDP to exposure amongst other benefits.
Paris, the capital of France and its largest city has consistently been one of the best tourist destinations in the world. Paris is one of the world’s leading business and cultural centres. Its influence in politics, education, entertainment, media, fashion, science and the arts all contribute to its status as one of the world’s major global cities. According to 2005 estimates, the Paris urban area is Europe’s biggest city economy, and is fifth in the world’s list of cities by GDP.
Being one of the most popular tourist destinations in the world, it attracts 45 million tourists every year, 60% of whom are foreign visitors. There are numerous iconic landmarks among its many attractions, along with world- famous institutions and popular parks.
 
London, the capital of the UK and the Constituent Country of England is the largest city in the European Union. It is the 2nd most-visited tourist destination in the world next to Paris. It is one of the world’s most important business, financial, and cultural centres. Its influence in politics, education, entertainment, media, fashion and the arts contributes to its status as a major global city. Central London is the headquarters of more than half of the UK’s top 100 listed companies (the FTSE 100) and more than 100 of Europe’s 500 largest companies.
London is a major tourist destination for both domestic and overseas visitors, with annual expenditure by tourists of around £15 billion. London hosted the 1908 and 1948 Summer Olympic Games and will host the 2012 Summer Olympics.
Famous attractions include Tower of London, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Palace of Westminster, Westminster Abbey, St. Margaret’s Church and many others. Heathrow Airport is the busiest airport in the world by international passenger traffic and the air space is the busiest of any city in the world.
 
Bangkok, the capital and largest urban area and primary city of Thailand is the 3rd most-visited tourist destination in the world. It was also ranked by “Travel and Leisure” as the best city in the world for the year 2008. In a span of over two hundred years, Bangkok has been the political, social and economic centre of Thailand, Southeast Asia and Indochina. Its influence in the arts, politics, fashion, education and entertainment as well as being a business, financial and cultural centre of Asia has given Bangkok the status of a global city. The population of greater Bangkok is nearly 15 million people. Famous tourist spots in Bangkok are its floating market, Royal Barges, Grand Palace, Platinum Mall, Suwannaram Temple and many others.
 
Singapore is the 4th most-visited tourist destination in the world. It is an island city-state located at the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula. It is one of the surviving sovereign city-states in the world with Monaco, San Marino, Andorra and Vatican City. Singapore’s standard of living is one of the highest in the world and is currently ranked 10th most expensive city in the world, the third in Asia, after Tokyo and Osaka.
World class tourist attractions of Singapore include Singapore Flyer, Sentosa Island, Jurong Bird Park, Singapore Science Centre, The Zoo and Night Safari and many more.
Hong Kong has a population of 7 million people but with only 1,108 km2 or 428 sq metres of land. It is one of the most densely populated areas in the world. It is the 5th most visited tourist destinations in the world. Hong Kong is famous for its expansive skyline and natural setting and is one of the world’s leading financial capitals. It is also a major business and cultural hub, and maintains a highly developed capitalist economy. Popular tourist attractions are Hong Kong Disneyland, Po Lin Monastery, Victoria Peak, Hopewell Centre, Big Buddha and a lot more.
 
New York City, “the city that never sleeps”, the most populous city in the US, is the 6th most-visited tourist destination in the world. New York is a leading global city with great influence over worldwide commerce, finance, culture, fashion and entertainment. It is also an important centre for international affairs, hosting the UN headquarters. World famous landmarks of New York include the Statue of Liberty, Empire State Building.
 
Dubai, one of the seven emirates and the most populous city of the UAE is the 7th most-visited tourist destination in the world. It is located along the southern coast of the Persian Gulf. Its main revenues are from tourism, trade, real estate and financial services. Popular tourist spots in Dubai are Burj Al Arab, Burj Dubai, Dubai Zoo and a lot more.
 
Rome, the capital of Italy and the country’s largest and most populous city is the 3rd-most-visited tourist destination in the European Union and the 8th in the world. Rome’s history as a city spans over two and a half thousand years, as one of the founding cities of western civilization. Rome has a significant place in Christianity and is the present day home of the Roman Catholic Church and the site of the Vatican City, an independent city-state run by the Catholic Church within as an enclave of Rome.
It is one of the few major European cities that escaped World War II relatively unscathed making central Rome to remain essentially Renaissance and Baroque in character. Major attractions include the St. Peter’s Basilica, Pantheon, Colosseum and many others.
 
Seoul, the capital and largest city of South Korea is one of the world’s largest cities with more than 10 million people. It is the 9th most-visited tourist destination in the world. It is the world’s second largest metropolitan area.
Almost half of South Korea’s population lives in Seoul. It is the chief economic, political and cultural centre of South Korea and administered directly by the national government. It has hosted the 1988 Summer Olympics and the 2002 FIFA World Cup. Seoul’s influence as a leading business, technology and cultural centre contributes to its status as a major global city. Seoul is one of the world’s top ten financial and commercial cities and the 5th most expensive city in the world and the second most expensive city in Asia. The Seoul Digital Media City is the world’s first complex for high-tech digital technologies in IT, multimedia and entertainment. Famous tourist spots are Myeongdong, Dongdaemun, Namdaemun markets, Olympic Park, Mt. Dobong, Kyunghee Palace and many others.
 
Barcelona, the capital and most populous city of the Catalonia is the second largest city in Spain with a population of 4.9 million. This city is the 10th most-visited tourist destination in the world. Barcelona is an important cultural centre and a major tourist destination and has a rich cultural heritage. Barcelona contains 68 municipal parks, divided into 12 historic parks, 5 thematic (botanical) parks, 45 urban parks and 6 forest parks. It has seven beaches, totalling 4.5 km (2.8 mi) of coastline. The 3 famous skyscrapers in Barcelona are the Hotel Arts, its twin the Torre Mapfre and Torre Agbar. Other famous attractions in the city include the Barcelona Cathedral, Familia Sagrada, Barcelona FC Museum, Barcelona Zoo, Picasso Museum and many others.
 

Sterling Bank Partners Opportunity Network On Trade

Sterling Bank Plc and Opportunity Network, a digital deal match-making platform for vetted businesses and investors, has entered into a partnership to connect to reliable trade partners globally. The partnership was to enhance international trade between Nigeria and the rest of the world. Opportunity Network is where owners of businesses, CEOs and high network individuals …
The post Sterling Bank Partners Opportunity Network On Trade appeared first on Guide to Nigeria tourism, local culture & investments.